The Lucerne School of Music emerged from the merger of the Konservatorium Luzern, the Akademie für Schul- und Kirchenmusik Luzern and the Jazz Schule Luzern:
The Konservatorium Luzern, founded in 1942, was sponsored by the Konservatoriumsverein Dreilinden Luzern. It offered a broad vocational instrumental / vocal education and taught conducting and all aspects of theory. The Konservatorium Luzern organised master-classes for the Internationale Musikfestwochen (now the Lucerne Festival), as a consequence of which renowned musicians such as Andràs Schiff and Pierre Boulez became regular guests at the Konservatorium and still come to Lucerne. Its role in the musical life of the town goes back a long way.
Also founded in 1942 was the Akademie für Schul- und Kirchenmusik, which was sponsored by an association. This institution offered training programmes in the areas of school music, church music, singing and theory. The broad educational covered school music- and church music-related disciplines, but in particular every aspect of vocal music from children's choirs to solo singing.
The Jazz Schule Luzern was founded in 1972; it, too, was sponsored by an association. It was (and remains) the largest academic institution for jazz in Switzerland and offered tuition in jazz and related disciplines. It had two departments: the general department offered students with previous experience a course that prepared them for the vocational school. The vocational school department offered studies in performance, composition/arrangement and music pedagogy; these concluded with the federally recognised diploma in professional musicianship which entitled holders to work as teachers.
In 1999 the various sponsoring associations decided to pool their interests and establish a university institution featuring a joint strategic and operational structure within a new foundation, the Stiftung Musikhochschule Luzern. That same year the Musikhochschule became part of the Fachhochschule Zentralschweiz, which since October 2007 has appeared under the name Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts. Since 2013 each of the University's Schools has been jointly sponsored by all six Central Swiss cantons.