Academics who join the Scientific Committee will inter alia review submitted papers.
Prof. Dr. Eli Avraham, University of Haifa, Israel
Prof. Dr. Jane Ali-Knight, Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland
Prof. Dr. Paul Barron, Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland
Prof. Dr. Chris Kemp, Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland
Prof. Dr. Stefan Gössling, Lund University, Sweden
Prof. Dr. Tomaz Kolar, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Dr. Eerang Park, Edith Cowan University, Australia
Dr. Elaine Yang, Griffith University, Australia
Dr. Eunice Tan, Murdoch University (Singapore), Singapore
Asst. Prof. Dr. Amy Ching Tsu Hsueh, National Open University, Taiwan
Asst. Prof. Dr. Jacey Ja Young Choe, University of Macau, Macau SAR, China
Asst. Prof. Dr. Sompong Amnuay-Ngerntra, Mahidol University International College, Thailand
Dr. Laddawan Jianvittayakit, Mahidol University International College, Thailand
Dr. Dolchai La-ornual, Mahidol University International College, Thailand
Dr. Kaewta Muangasame, Mahidol University International College, Thailand
Asst. Prof. Dr. Malinvisa Sakdiyakorn, Mahidol University International College, Thailand
Asst. Prof. Dr. Walanchalee Wattanacharoensil, Mahidol University International College, Thailand
Prof. Dr. Timo Ohnmacht, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Switzerland
Prof. Dr. Julianna Priskin, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Switzerland
Prof. Dr. Jürg Stettler, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Switzerland
Prof. Dr. Woody Kim, Dedman College of Hospitality, Florida State University, USA
The general topics may include, but are not limited to the following streams:
Topic 1: Demand side: External shocks in general and their effects on tourism and business
External shocks with enormous negative effects on international tourism that have been studied in academia include disasters such as the SARS epidemic (Page et al., 2006), the Ebola epidemic (Mizrachi and Fuchs, 2016), the financial crisis of 2008 (Smeral, 2009) and the Arab Spring of 2010 (Perles-Ribes et al., 2017). Other crises include terrorist attacks such as 9/11 (Kosová and Enz, 2012) or the bombings in Bali (Gurtner, 2016), as well as natural disasters such as earthquakes (Wearing et al., 2020) or the Australian bushfires (Schweinsberg et al., 2020). Time-series analyses of demand data in tourism research show in particular that such crises proved to be temporary and that, after they had been overcome, tourism activities tended to return to their previous levels (see, for example, Aly & Strazicich, 2000; Kosová & Enz, 2012; Wearing et al., 2020). Against this background, the following issues are of particular interest:
- tourists' cognitive, emotional and behavioural reactions
- shifts in consumer behaviour and changes in the travel behaviour of tourists
- what are the differences and similarities in the changes in motives and behavior between different crises (e.g., different pandemics or between the economic crisis and pandemics)
- what are the relationships between the characteristics of a crisis and the resulting changes in demand?
Topic 2: Supply side: How does the tourism industry react to external shocks and how does it cope with crises?
The fact that threat situations and crises do not manifest themselves in tourists’ consumption behaviour in the longer term can be linked to the structure of the supply side. The strategies of tourism service-providers include stimulating demand by offering attractive products once crises have subsided (Zibanai, 2014). This topic focuses on insights into the strategies chosen by marketers for repairing the image of a travel destination. In this context, the global status of a destination, its location, its resilience, and its relations with the main tourist markets should be analysed in detail (Avraham, 2020). The COVID-19 pandemic caught everyone by surprise, but for example event organisers talk of a lesson learned. Next year's events preparations have already taken into account a pandemic scenario. Thus, the next thematic block focuses on strategies to cope with crises:
- structural changes in the global tourism and hospitality sectors
- public measures to promote tourism after crises
- crisis management in tourism
- (sustainable) recovery strategies for the tourism industry
- strategies for the crisis preparedness of tourist destinations
Topic 3: COVID-19 and its effects on tourism and business and the recovery of the tourism industry
In 2019, the new coronavirus (COVID-19) became not only a medical but also a social, economic and political challenge. In order to slow down the spread of coronavirus, governments instructed their populations to stay at home. Coronavirus has thus influenced the economy, culture and the social environment. Every aspect of individual lives seemed to have changed drastically since then. Since the coronavirus outbreak, many companies have been struggling with massive sales losses, among other things. Tourism businesses such as hotels, restaurants, airlines, travel agencies and tour operators were particularly negatively affected by the crisis, losing their entire markets overnight due to restrictions on the freedom to travel and mobility, and being forced to close their businesses (UNWTO, 2020). In an effort to prevent spreading the virus, many concerts, festivals, and other events have been cancelled, rescheduled, or modified. Events is one of the industries to be hit hardest, from small community festivals to the Tokyo Olympics, and will be one of the last to return. It would therefore be relevant to address the following issues:
- when will travel and tourism recover?
- international differences in recovery
- comparison of different regions or countries
- the role of tourists' safety and security considerations
- opportunities and challenges for recovery after the crisis
- risk perceptions; vulnerability or resilience of the tourism industry
Topic 4: COVID-19 and its positive effects on sustainability
However, many people also see opportunities in this crisis. New research approaches are currently focusing on the longer-term consequences of COVID-19 for mobility and travel and how these can be harnessed for the future orientation of sustainable tourism (Gössling et al., 2020). Also, public debates are increasingly focusing on the short- and long-term effects on the environment. Since the beginning of the corona crisis, low-carbon emissions have fallen by a quarter in China alone, the world's biggest climate polluter. The canals in Venice are clear for the first time in a long time, and large cities and conurbations are measuring better air quality. Satellite images from the European Space Agency show that nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pollution in Europe has fallen significantly (European Space Agency, 2020).
Against this background, the aim of this section is to build a bridge between tourism research and sustainability. This section deals with the question of how crises like COVID-19 can be harnessed to support environmental change: virtual travel, the replacement of business trips and conference tourism by video conferencing, home-based teleworking and discovery of local areas as future travel destinations are considered to be coping strategies that will continue to have an effect and be sustainable in the long term even after the crisis has passed. Such processes of transformation, which can be triggered by such crises, and how they can enter the sustainability discourse are of particular interest within this topic area. Papers addressing the following issues are accordingly very welcome:
- responsible and sustainable tourism after the crisis
- long-term effects of crises on sustainable tourism
- development of energy consumption and pollution
- increasing environmental awareness among the general public
Topic 5: Tourism, pandemic diseases and intervention design: opportunities for a new beginning?
By August 2022, when the ICTB 2022 will take place, there will already be insights available into the effects of COVID-19 on the tourism industry. It is therefore important to focus on how the tourism industry will adapt to the challenges and opportunities that emerge from the crisis. For example, until vaccinations become available, measures to control infectious diseases in the field of tourism will be limited to non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) while travelling. The NPIs that are currently being debated in politics, the media and academia include, for instance: (1) quarantine periods after re-entry to the home location, (2) rapid tests for COVID-19 before and after a holiday, (3) temperature monitoring and questionnaires when embarking on planes and trains, (4) temperature-recording cameras at airport gates, (5) hygienic standards at hotels certified by tourism labels, (6) social distancing in public transport (private cabins in trains, perspex bulkheads separating seats in airplanes), (7) the obligation to wear face masks and coverings, (8) the use of globalized Corona apps, (9) and travel recommendations and warnings published by foreign ministries. How does this affect tourism behavior? Learning packages for businesses, such as the implementation of NPIs in tourism businesses or the handling of hygiene issues, can be outlined at the conference. The central theme of this section is how the tourism industry can be reborn after experiencing zero-tourism without getting back to the over-tourism we have experienced before. Against this background, the following topic is of particular interest:
- adaption of business models to hygienic issues
- development of sustainable business models
- organization of businesses to prevent infection
- strategies and measures to avoid the mistakes of the past
- shared practices of new business models that have emerged since COVID-19
- the role of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) in tourism business models
- implications for further developments in tourism and business
For Bibliograpy see Call for Papers ICTB 2022.
Participants of ICTB 2022 can submit an extended abstract or full paper and present the results of their research during the conference.
Papers will be published in a special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050) in the section "Tourism, Culture, and Heritage".
The Open Access journal publishes original research articles, reviews, conference proceedings (peer-reviewed full articles) and communications.
The final deadline for all contributions is 20th April 2023.
More information about the Special Issue can be accessed on the website: https://www.mdpi.com/si/121368